Krkonoše ho tloha bophahamong ba setšoantšo Leave ka tlhaloso

Bophara bohle ba thaba e ho akarelletsa le Giant e ne e se e le teng mehleng ea khale ea hlalosoa e le Sudetenland, eo mohlomong lebitso la Macelt hlahang ho yona (ho fetisisa ka tloaelo fetoleloa e le lithaba boar) kapa Balkan hlahang ho yona (fetoleloa e le Pōli Mountain). Ptolemy (ka 85-165) sebediswa bakeng sa kajeno Sudetenland mabitso Sudetayle (sa Tšepe e Lithabeng) le Askiburgion (haholo-holo Lithabeng Tsa, haufi le toropo Askiburgium senya, mohlomong e le ho Lusatian Mountains, ho akarelletsa le Lithabeng Tsa Giant). Dio Cassius ka 3. lekholo la lilemo le ile la sebelisa lebitso la Vandalski Mountains bakeng sa Askiburgion. Ka mor'a hore Ptolemaic limmapa o ile a Czech Republic Bohuslav Balbin le Pavel lefika ho tloha holimo ho sebelisa lebitso la katoloso Sudetenland ho sehlopha kaofela (17. Century).

Lithaba tsa Krkonose li bitsoa Lehlaka la Bohemian Lengolong la Serussia le 1095, le Snowflake e 1380 e bitsoa Snow Mountains.

Lithabeng Tsa Giant lebitso qalong lebiswa Kolo kajeno phahameng le tanka kapa Kokrháč. Tšoaea Lithabeng Tsa Giant (bonngoeng setšehali ", le" Lithabeng Tsa Giant) ho orilla ho hlaha ka 1492 ka tlaleho ea karohano ea matlo Štěpanice ka Wallenstein le Jilemnický karolo 1499 ebe re rate ka ketso Vladislav II., The khale pholoha mapa oa lebitso la hore o ile a sebetsa Nicholas Klaudyán ka 1518. Wenceslaus Hajek ka Chronicle ea hae ea 1541 sebelisoa lebitso la Czech le Silesian Lithabeng Tsa Giant.

Bopaki ba pele ba katoloso ya lebitso le thabeng eohle e tsoang ho 1517 ha sehlooho ke Krkonošské lithaba, Lithabeng Tsa Giant mongolo motlatsi satane palo. Giant lebitso Short ile pele tlalehiloeng ka selemo 1601. lebitso la e hangata ka ho fetisisa nkoa e le sehlahisoa sa khale Maslav botlaaseng "molaleng" kapa "cracker", ho bolelang dwarf phaene kapa lithaba phaene, Josef Jungmann e amahanngoa le lebitso la Majeremane kapa Macelt moloko Corconti kapa Korkontoi, eo ho builoeng ka Ptolemy, ka khopolo ea hore e builoeng ke lithaba tse Asciburgius ne tšoanang kajeno Lithabeng tsa Giant (Korkontoi sa tlameha ho phela kae kapa kae haufi le mehloli ea Vistula, kapa ho ena Beskydy). Lipatlisiso hlalosa ka tšimoloho ea lebitso la Proto motheo oa, e bolelang "majoe letsoapong, tšimo majoe" le fana ka maikutlo a sa kgokahanyo le lebitso la Seukraine Gorgany lithabeng tse ka Bochabela Carpathians.

Jeremane lekanang (Czech le lehlakoreng Silesian tsa lithaba e ne e le ho fihlela 1945 leo ho ahiloeng ho boholo ba Majeremane) le moelelo Lithabeng Tsa Giant (Riesengebirge, Lithabeng Tsa Giant ka Senyesemane) e tlisoa ke ho lebitso Risenberg, eo Agricola (Georgius?) Ka 1546 tšoauoa ka lehlabula. Bongateng Riesengebirge tsa lithaba kaofela ile ba pele bo tlalehiloeng ka selemo sa 1571.

Motheo oa liphatsa tsa lefutso li na le letlapa le ka pele ho tlhōrō ea kristale le li-rock-metamorphic rock (clamp). Karolong e ka bochabela ea thaba, majoe a majoe a majoe a tloaelehile. The crystallinikum ea boholo-holo e kenella libakeng tse ling le Krkonoše-Jizerský pluton (granite). Li-glaciers tsa quaters e ne e ntse e le li-glaciers tse neng li emela libaka tsa mahaeng. Ho ne ho e-na le mefuta e 'meli ea li-glaciers. Likhetlo tsa pele e ne e le li-glaciers tsa mofuta oa phula 'me ea bobeli e ne e le mofuta oa Scandinavia. Sebaka se seholohali (leralleng la Diabolose, joalo-joalo) se na le maqhoqhoa a sona ho tloha ho sona. Bakeng sa khopolo e molemo, re ka sheba icebergs ea Scandinavia e bontšang kamoo e leng kateng Giant Mountains e ka shebahala. Mohlala o motle ka ho fetisisa oa ho etsa lipapali tsa meru ke, mohlala, Mine ea Elbe kapa Mine ea Giant, e leng phula e bōpiloeng ke li-glaciers. Litšoantšo tse ling tsa meru ke likars tsa glacial (v Giant Mountains karya e tsejoa e le "sekoti"). Ke habohlokoa ho bua ka Kotelní jámy le sekoti sa Snow se Poland. Kary ke e 'ngoe ea lintho tsa bohlokoa ka ho fetisisa tseo re ka li etsang Giant Mountains hobane ke tsona tse sa tloaelehang haholo lithabeng tsa Giant. Ketsahalo ea cryogenic v Giant Mountains ho hlokahala hore u bue ka mohlala oa leoatle le lengata le leholo (maralla a phahameng) kapa li-log cabinete tse nang le maqhoa.

Krkonošský Crest e telele le e qala 35 km le ka bophirimela ho New World saddle (888 limithara) le e qetella ka bochabela ka saddle Kralovecky (516 limithara). Litlhōrō tse phahameng tsa thaba li bataletse 'me li oela Poland ka leboea-bochabela. Ka lehlakoreng le leng, ka bophirimela, matsoapo a arotsoe ka liphula tebileng eo oela bate haholo haholo. Lithaba li arotsoe ka tangle ea Lithabeng Tsa Giant, Lithabeng Tsa Giant maporogo le lihlabeng Vrchlabská.

Lithaba tsa Giant li etsa karohano ea tlhaho pakeng tsa North Sea le Leoatle la Baltic. V Giant Mountains nōka ea Elbe, Malá Labe, Úpa, Jizerka le Mumlava, hammoho le Kamienica le Łomniczka. Lehlakoreng la Poland ho na le matša a maqhoa a Wielki le Mały Staw. Ka lehlakoreng la Bohemian la Krkonoše ke qhoqhoana feela ea letamo la Mechové.

Sebakeng sa Lithaba tsa Giant ho na le mefuta e mengata ea limela le liphoofolo. Lithabeng tsa Krkonoše, libaka tse kholo ka ho fetisisa li ka holimo ho moeli o ka holimo oa moru oa Czech Republic. Ha bophahamo ba 1200-1300 meleng ea moru e fela mona. Ka holimo ke sebaka sa tsisinyeho ea lefatse, sesole, lejoe le leoatle le hlabang. Biotope ena e sa tloaelehang e bitsoa arc-alpine tundra. Libakeng tse ling re bile re fumana likolobe tsa peat. Khōlo ea pele ea li-spruce e ne e senyehile ka thōko ke phello ea ts'ilafalo ea moea. Libakeng tse tlaase, li-monopolisi tsa beech le spruce li hōla. Malacofauna ea Lithaba tsa Giant e na le mefuta ea 90 ea li-mollusk.

Ka naha ea Lithabeng Tsa Giant e leng Lithabeng Tsa Giant National Park (KRNAP) sebakeng 36 400 ly, ea neng a ile a re selemo 1963, le Karkonoski Park Narodowy (KPN), thehiloe a 1959. Sebakeng sireletsang ea phakeng ea sechaba e ka lehlakoreng la Czech tsa sebakeng 18 400 hektare. Mountains boetse ho na le ho tloha 1992 omimvo Biosphere Reserve boleloa ke Machaba a Kopaneng oa Thuto, Saense le Setso Organization (sebakeng ea karolo e Czech tsa 54 800 ly). KRNAP e arotsoe ka I., II. le III. libaka sireletsang moo Zone ke ke tsa bohlokoa ka ho fetisisa 'me sa oa ka litaelo tse thata ka mokgwa wa tšireletso. Sena se bolela, ka mohlala, se lekanyetsa moo ke leng ho 'na le II. sebaka se thibetsoe ho fallela ka ntle ho litsela tsa bahahlauli le litsela tsa ho fofa. Ka naha ea Lithabeng Tsa Giant e hape e mong ea bitsoang Bird Area le bohlokwa Bird Area, eo e akaretsa kaofela biosphere pokello, ka ho latellana. sebaka sa boikhathollo sa naha ho kenyeletsoa sebaka sa tšireletso

Lithaba tsa Giant li tsoa sebakeng sa boemo ba leholimo ke thaba e meholo ka ho fetisisa Czech Republic. Lithaba tse ka holimo ho moeli oa 1400 li ka bapisoa le Lebōpo la Green. Mocheso o fapana haholo le bophahamo. Ka mohlala, mocheso o tloaelehileng Trutnov ke 6,8 degrees Celsius, ha Sněžka, e leng sebaka se batang ka ho fetisisa sa Krkonoše, mocheso oa selemo le selemo ke 0,2 degrees Celsius. Ka nako e le 'ngoe, ke sebaka se batang haholo Czech Republic. Boemo ba pula ea lithaba lithabeng tsa Giant bo itšetlehile ka bophahamo le maralla. 'Nete ke hore liteishene tse lithabeng tsa Bophirimela tsa Giant li na le pula e ngata ho feta liteishene tse ka bochabela tsa Lithaba tsa Giant nakong ea selemo hobane moea oa Bophirimela o phalla haholo Czech Republic. Khoeli e ngata e na le likhohola nakong ea likhoeli nakong ea lifefo le pula e nyane ka March, empa ka lebaka la boholo ba lehloa ha le bonahale. Le hoja lihlekehleke tsa Giant ke lithaba tse phahameng ka ho fetisisa Czech Republic, ha ho bonahale e le ea bohlokoa ka ho fetisisa hobane Lithaba tsa Krkonoše li lutseng pula ea Jizera Mountains. Lithabeng, palo ea pula e ka bang 1300 mm / selemo, athe phuleng e ka ba 1500 mm / selemo. Karolo e 'ngoe ea moholi ke tlhaho ea lehloa, e leng karolo ea bohlokoa ea Lithaba tsa Giant. Ka karolelano, letsatsi la ho oa ha lehloa la pele lithabeng tsa Krkonoše li ke ke tsa boleloa hobane lehloa le ka ba lehloa selemo se seng le se seng. Sekoahelo se lehloa sa lehloa se le holim'a marokho ka karolelano ho tloha bohareng ba November ho isa ho May. Ntho e kholo ka ho fetisisa ea lehloa e etsoa ka marulelong a maralla ('Mapa oa naha moo lehloa le fihlelang ho metso ea 15!). Hangata Lithabeng Tsa Giant moea o matla o fofa (lebelo le phahameng ka ho fetisisa la moea le lekanyetsoang ho Sněžka 216 km / h).

ho kopanela
Ka kopo, emela ...

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